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Commitment & loyalty to Trade Unions: Revisiting Gordon’s & Hirschman’s Theories

The Article, Published by Sushmita Srivastava in The Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 47(2), 2011, 206-218, 2012

This article presents an integrated model of the process by which union commitment and union loyalty are developed and maintained by trade unions. The article argues on the need to view commitment and loyalty as two distinct constructs. The objective is to initiate re- conceptualization of the differences between union loyalty and union commitment by revisiting Gordon’s Four Factor Theory of commitment and Hirschman’s Exit –Voice Loyalty Theory. The paper finds that union participation is better induced through union loyalty than union commitment. Leadership & Justice theories also provide the justification for treating union commitment and loyalty as unique constructs. The research has implications for the growth and development of union-management relationships in the current context.